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Experiential Learning

[testimonials backgroundcolor=”” textcolor=”” div_margin_top=”” div_margin_bottom=”” div_margin_right=”” div_margin_left=”” class=”” id=””] [testimonial name=”Benjamin Franklin” avatar=”image” image=”” company=”” link=”” target=”_self”]”Tell me and I forget. Teach me and I remember. Involve me and I learn.”[/testimonial] [/testimonials]

 

What is Experiential Learning?

Experiential learning is self-explanatory: it’s learning that occurs when students are directly involved in a learning experience rather than being recipients of ready-made content through teaching methods such as lectures.
 

David Kolb’s Cycle of Experiential Learning


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
“Kolb’s Cycle of Experiential Learning” [1] by Regis University [2] is licensed under CC BY 4.0 [3]/ Design modified from original

 
The following chart demonstrates the application of Kolb’s Cycle of Experiential Learning to a specific example of experiential learning:

Stage Example
Concrete Experience The learner has a “concrete experience.” In a mechanical engineering course, students are asked to use 20 popsicle sticks to build a small bridge that will support 500 grams.
Reflective Observation The learner makes observations and reflections based upon that experience. Students note which popsicle sticks failed first, whether the sticks supported more when they were laid flat versus on their edges, and so on.
Abstract Conceptualization The observations and reflections are synthesized into a new conceptual understanding and interpretation of the experience. Students develop a list of construction “principles” or best practices.
Active Experimentation This conceptual understanding is applied and is used to guide new and purposeful experiences. Students build another iteration of the bridge with the list of construction principles in mind.

 

Examples of Experiential Learning

Through experiential learning, students are able to integrate abstract knowledge into concrete applications which results in more enduring and meaningful learning outcomes.

Examples of experiential learning may include, but are not limited to:

 

Educator’s Role

Overall, the educator’s role is to provide students with opportunities for experiential learning.

He or she will:

 

Caution

Not every course can and/or should have an experiential learning component due to limitations such as variety in student learning styles and different cultural experiences and conditions.

That being said, if students would benefit from experiential learning activities, be sure to look at the sequencing of a course curriculum and outline. More specifically, look at how the learning outcomes tie with learning activities and evaluations.

An example that would raise a red flag:

As one can see, this learning outcome requires the case study material to be analyzed. Multiple choice question based tests are not a suitable form of assessment for this outcome.
 

Reflection Tool

The following resource will assist you with developing and implementing a plan for evaluating your course that is centered around experiential learning:

Learning by Doing, Postsecondary Experiential Learning [4]
 

Resources

Experiential Learning [5], University of Waterloo

Best Practices in Experiential Learning [6], Ryerson University

Experiential Learning [7], University of Carleton
 
 


ctl@rdc.ab.ca [8] | 403.356.4989 | Teaching Common – 913C | Find us on theLoop | Find us on Twitter [9]and Facebook [10]@ctlrdc
 
Updated November 22, 2019